Diabetes can increase risk of Heart Disease, 5 steps to prevent the same..!!

Diabetics in general have a higher risk of heart ailments. Studies have suggested that 60% of diabetic patients above the age of 65 years are at a risk of heart attack. Over the past few years we are increasingly seeing this in younger population. The central pathological mechanism in Heart disease is atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is known to lead to coronary heart disease and cardiovascular events. With close to 70% mortality, cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in people with type 2 diabetes. The risk factors of CVD are age, obesity, tobacco use, dyslipidaemia, and hypertension. Diabetes itself is an independent risk factor of CVD.

How does diabetes affect the heart..?

People with diabetes (particularly type 2 Diabetes) frequently have many traditional risk factors for CVD, including central obesity, dyslipidaemia (high serum triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein, and free fatty acid levels and low high-density lipoprotein levels), and hypertension, the combination of which constitutes the metabolic syndrome. These factors, together with the independent risk factor of diabetes, can independently as well as cumulatively increase risk of CVD significantly over time. Hyperglycaemia and insulin resistance, when combined with dyslipidaemia, hypertension and chronic inflammation, can damage blood vessels, resulting in macrovasculopathy and CVD in people with type 2 Diabetes

It has been shown that the risk of myocardial infarction (Heart attack) in people with diabetes is equivalent to the risk in nondiabetic patients who have already had a Heart attack.

Further evidence of the association between diabetes and CVD is provided by the observation that most patients with coronary heart disease have insulin resistance or frank diabetes.

Diabetes generally occurs due to insulin resistance in the body. This resistance can also lead to high blood pressure. It occurs because as the blood sugar level goes up, the body tries to compensate by increasing the insulin levels leading to hyperinsulinemia. Which leads to Atherosclerosis (blockage of the blood vessels.Diabetologists in Vashi. The diabetogenic lipid condition significantly increases the rate of cholesterol deposition in the blood vessels as compared to a non-diabetic. Which can occur anywhere in the body. However, preliminary symptoms can be seen in places where the blood vessels are relatively thin like the brain, heart, renal blood vessels or where the sources of blood supply is limited like the foot. However, due the increasing bad lifestyle, we are witnessing an increase in diabetes induced heart complications. This is increasingly being seen in younger diabetic patients.

Who is at a risk of severe diabetic heart complications:

Generally speaking, almost every diabetic patient who does not have his critical parameters in check is at a risk of severe diabetic heart condition. Nonetheless, patients who have a family history of heart condition have an increased risk of heart condition.

Early symptoms of heart ailments due to Diabetes:

Unlike a normal person who would have severe chest pain when having a heart attack; a diabetic patient may not experience similar pain. Hence, diabetes is known to be a silent killer However, there are some symptoms which could occur. Some early signs could be

Breathless on minimal exertion & dizziness
Heaviness in the chest

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