Lifelong care for diabetes..!! Sweet clinics

WHAT DOES DIABETES MEAN?

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease in which blood sugar level of a person goes abnormally high due to decreased insulin production or due to insulin resistance or both. The common symptoms of diabetes mellitus include increased frequency of urination, increased thirst, hunger, and tiredness. Diabetes cannot be cured. It can only be controlled or managed.

WHAT IS DIABETES?

A person’s blood sugar level goes abnormally high
It happens due to insulin resistance or decreased insulin production or both
Common symptoms: Frequent urination, increased thirst, hunger, tiredness
Diabetes cannot be cured. It can only be controlled or managed.

TYPES OF DIABETES

TYPE 1 DIABETES
: It is an autoimmune condition in which body’s immune cells destroy the insulin secreting cells of pancreas. There is absolute insulin deficiency and injectable insulin is the only medical way to control it.



TYPE 2 DIABETES: It is the most common type of diabetes and its primary cause is insulin resistance and amount of insulin production is reduced (no absolute insulin deficiency). Obesity, sedentary lifestyle and family history are the risk factors for diabetes. It is managed with lifestyle modification, dietary modification and oral drugs. If not adequately controlled, later on, the patients may need to be switched to injectable insulin.

GESTATIONAL DIABETES: When a pregnant woman develops high blood sugar levels for the first time during pregnancy, it is called gestational diabetes. Pregnancy is a state of insulin resistance and thus triggers diabetes. It generally manifests during second and third trimester of pregnancy. It is managed with injectable insulin.



WHAT CAUSES DIABETES?

GENETIC SUSCEPTIBILITY

Heredity plays an important part in determining who is likely to develop diabetes. Genes are passed down from biological parent to child.

OBESITY AND PHYSICAL INACTIVITY

Physical inactivity and obesity are strongly associated with the development of type 2 diabetes. People who are genetically susceptible to type 2 diabetes are more vulnerable when these risk factors are present.

INSULIN RESISTANCE

Insulin resistance is a common condition in people who are overweight or obese, have excess abdominal fat, and are not physically active. Muscle, fat, and liver cells stop responding properly to insulin, forcing the pancreas to compensate by producing extra insulin. As long as beta cells are able to produce enough insulin, blood glucose levels stay in the normal range. But when insulin production falters because of beta cell dysfunction, glucose levels rise, leading to prediabetes or diabetes.




SOME OTHER CONDITIONS ALSO PLAY A ROLE IN DEVELOPING DIABETES:

Gestational diabetes (in pregnancy)
Hyperthyroidism
Cushing syndrome
Acromegaly
Phaeochromocytoma
Pancreatitis
Cancer in pancreas
Haemochromatosis
Cystic fibrosis
Some drugs, chemicals
Infection like German measles, down syndrome, turner syndrome etc.
So, the target is: Control blood sugar and avoid cardiometabolic complications

EATING WELL WITH DIABETES

Taking steps to prevent and control diabetes doesn’t mean living in deprivation; it means eating a tasty, healthy and well balanced diet

You don’t have to give up sweets entirely or resign yourself to a lifetime of bland food. With these tips, you can still take pleasure from your meals without feeling hungry or deprived.

Set timely reminder on when to eat! Your body is better able to regulate blood sugar levels—and your weight—when you maintain a regular meal schedule. Aim for moderate and consistent portion sizes for each meal or snack.
Don’t skip breakfast. Start your day off with a good breakfast. Eating breakfast every day will help you have energy as well as steady blood sugar levels.
Eat regular small meals—up to 6 per day. People tend to eat larger portions when they are overly hungry, so eating regularly will help you keep your portions in check.
Keep calorie intake the same. Regulating the amount of calories you eat on a day-to-day basis has an impact on the regularity of your blood sugar levels. Try to eat roughly the same amount of calories every day, rather than overeating one day or at one meal, and then skimping on the next.


RATE YOUR PLATE

Take a good look at your plates -- the foods you choose and the portions you eat. Rate your plates to see if they measure up.

Try to eat a balance of food groups so as to obtain healthy combination of carbohydrate, protein & fat in your diet as described in the diabetic food plates below.Best diabetologist in navi mumbai

Diabetic Non-Vegetarian Plate Diabetic Vegetarian Plate

Reduce extra-large servings of less-healthful foods and increase servings of foods we're not eating enough of: vegetables, fruits, dairy foods, and whole grains.

Start by reducing your portions of less-healthful foods by 5 to 10 percent. You'll barely notice the trimming, but you'll immediately taper your intake of calories, carbohydrate, fat, and sodium. Over time, this portion slim-down will improve your weight, blood glucose, cholesterol, and blood pressure.

There is no one perfect food so including a variety of different foods and watching portion sizes is key to a healthy diet.

Sign In or Register to comment.

Howdy, Stranger!

It looks like you're new here. If you want to get involved, click one of these buttons!